Yahmesu (Ahmose I), the King who freed Egypt

Le pharaon Kamessou, en compagnie des Nehesiou (Soudanais) Illustration d'Angus McBride
Pharaoh Kamesu with the Nehesiu (Sudanese)
Illustration by Angus McBride

It is in 1730 BC that foreign invaders entered Egypt. Ancient Egyptian Historian, Manethon, described them by these words: “unexpectedly, some men from an unknown race coming from the East had the audacity to invade our country [Egypt], and with neither any difficulty nor any battle, they brutally took it over. Those people were named hyksôs, which means” kings-pastors” Because hyk (heka) in the sacred language means “king” and “sos” in the colloquial language means “pastor (nomad)”” [1].

Their barbarity was complete, Manethon, furthermore noted that the Hyksôs were burning cities down, destroying temples and enslaving women and children. The Black native leadership retreated towards Waset (Thebes), leaving the delta and the middle Egypt in the hands of the invaders, obviously, white nomads from Asia. It is after almost 180 years of occupation that the southern kings started the country reconquest and that the legendary reunification maker of Egypt showed up : Nebpehtyre Yahmesu.

Around 1550 BC, the South King Seker n Re Taa vividly embarked on a war to liberate the country and was killed during the battle by the Hyksôs. His son also a brilliant war chief called Kamesu took over the middle Egypt at the end of masterly won battles.

When Pharaoh Kamesu died unexpectedly, his brother who was only between 5 and 7 years old was appointed as the power executive. Yahmesu being young, the real owners of the power, meaning his grand-mother Tetishery his his mother Akhotpu were legitimately exercising it, according to the matriarchal tradition of Africa. Akhotpu was perfoming her duties as a real war chief and strengthened the regained areas by her elder son Kamesu.

Yahmessou (Ahmosis)
Yahmesu (Ahmosis); Musée du Louvre

When he reached almost 20 years old, Yahmesu was ruling the country and legitimated his kingship through his marriage with his sister Yahmesu Neferet-Iry (Ahmose Nefertari), the latter inheriting from her mother and grand-mother. The crowning name of the new king was Neb-pehty-Ré, it means “the master of God’s strength”. Nebpehtyre Yahmesu started the work of his life, the restoration of the Egyptian power.

Queen Yahmesu Neferet-Iry (Museo Egyzio Torino)

Yahmesu attacked the Hyksôs in the Nile delta and took over Iunu (Heliopolis). He went down the eastern delta and seized the city of Tjaru, thus blocking the way through which the foreign army was receiving supply from the country of Canaan (the present Near East). The occupying king Khamudy tried to negotiate, but Yahmesu was uncompromising.

The Egyptian Army, then powerful again and galvanized by its victories since Kamesu was the king, seized the Hyksôs capital city Avaris after several battles. The fortified occupant’s headquarters fell down under the assaults of Africans. Khamudy ran away towards the country of Canaan where he was hoping to take Egypt back from. Yahmesu determined to destroy totally all his enemies till the last one, entered the Near East and besieged the city of Sharuhen, presently between Rafah and Gaza for several years.

Thus, he was able to make the last Hyksôs resistance collapse. A former collaborator of the enemy tried to create an uprising in the northern part of Egypt, the Queen-Mother Akhotpu put the rebellion down. Egypt was freed after 200 years of occupation.

The pharaoh established order and was unmerciful with those who connived with the invaders. The African-Caribbean historian, Niousserê Kalala (Jean Philippe) Omotunde tells us that Hebrews might have entered Egypt during the Hyksôs times. When the country was liberated, Yahmesu was particularly uncompromising with them. This might be the origin of the very much exaggerated myth of the Jews slavery in Egypt who have never built a single pyramid.

Yahmesu consolidated the country’s western boundaries shared with Libya. Finally, like Khakauré Sen-Ouseret (Sesostris III) before him, Djehuty-Mesu (Thutmose III) and Ramesu Maryimana (Rameses II) after him, he conquered Nubia where he appointed a vice-king to manage it. With his wife, he created the most famous and prestigious Egyptian dynasty, the 18th of which Hatshepoust, Thutmose III, Amenhotep III, Akhenaton or Tutankhamen were part.

Yahmessou
Yahmesu; Manchester Museum

Yahmesu appointed trustworthy men to rule provinces, made the economy restart through trade and mining exploitation. Waset became the capital city of the country. He enriched Egypt of religious centres. After 25 years of ruling, it is a free Egypt, with restored borders that Nebpehtyre Yahmesu and Yahmesu Neferet-Iry bequeathed to Akhotpu their daughter and the pharaoh Djoserkaré Imanahotep (Amenhotep I), their son.

Yahmesu is therefore an absolute major leader of the black history.

Hotep !

By: Lisapo ya Kama ©

Notes :

  • Antik Forever
  • Antik Forever
  • La traite négrière européenne : vérité et mensonges (The European slave trade : truth and lies) ; Jean Philippe Omotunde.
  • [1] passage of Jean Pierre the kamitologist Kaya
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