In Pharaonic antiquity, the pitch-black color was God’s and deities’ prime color. Why did our ancestors think so? Many will answer this question by saying that Egyptians were black; therefore, they imagined the creator like themselves. However, not all Egyptians were so dark in complexion.
There were the 4 main types of black complexion in Egypt: the greater majorities were pitch black and dark brown, there was also a minority of Blacks with light skin and Albinos. It is the same thing that we can see in all African countries, maybe except with the Sudanese who without mixing with the Arabs – have always been the blackest people on earth. Then, why giving this pitch-black complexion to God? It is actually because of the Sun.
The Sun, God’s messenger
Like we explained before in our article on the African Spirituality, God is the hidden consciousness, that created the world by His-Her own initial Energy. This Energy is present within each element of creation. God is everywhere through His-Her energy present within all things. Hence, the strongest energy perceived by humankind is the one of sunrays.
Moreover, the Sun is a benefactor because it gives light to earth. It also gives life by making plants grow (photosynthesis) and by allowing liquid water. The sun is necessary for life. The Sun as main energy, benevolent star and life giver, is therefore God in miniature and God’s main messenger on earth. This explains why Africans were the first people to say that God is light.
This is why sunrays (Ra) were so much venerated in Egypt. This same Ra/Rana is God’s name among the Hausa people. The cult of the Sun, God’s messenger was performed by the Fulani people under the name Buudal Yurmende (Great solar disc of mercy). Among the Bassa people of Cameroon, it’s through the Sun (Djob) that this people call upon God. The baKongo people say God is also Ne Mbumba Lowa (Great solar Creator). The same Sun was a central element in Nelson Mandela’s funeral rites in South Africa etc.
And it is indeed the Sun which gives Africans their black complexion
Science has sufficiently proven that if Blacks are black, it is because their bodies produce a pigment called melanin, which allows them to adjust to the African sun. Their dark skin is the sun’s mark on humankind. This concept has been known since antiquity. Thus, according to Egyptologists Cheikh Anta Diop, Wonkiamma Pissama and René Louis Parfait Etilé, we used to have these words in ancient Egyptian:
Kemet/Kamit/Kama: The black land (Egypt/Africa)
Kemmiu/Kammiu: The land of Blacks (Egypt)
Khemu: (very) cooked/burnt/blackish/heat
Kam/Kem: Perfect, complete, accomplished
In modern African languages, we have words like Khem/ Kembu/ Kheum/ Khemit/ Kama/ Kala which mean coal/burnt/black. And that is why the African word Kam/Kham produced the word Cham/Ham, that designates black people in Hebrew and in the Bible. It is the same word that brought forth the word Chemistry, given the fact that baking is a scientific reaction. Thus, Blacks in the African language are baked. Baked by what? Obviously by the sun which is God’s messenger.
Pharaoh Akhenaten said in his hymn to God through Aten (another name of the Sun):
‘You are majestic, you are beautiful, and you shine in the firmament, gliding over everything in the universe
Your rays irradiate the confines of every thing
Being the Sun, you reached their extremities
And you tie them under the sight of your son (Akhenaten) whom you love
You (the Sun) are so far, yet your rays reach the earth
You are like the divine mark on their faces (human beings), but your journey is however invisible for them’
We therefore see that for Akhenaten, the Sun leaves its mark on human beings. This mark is the black skin. The Greek scholar Herodotus who visited Egypt during the era of Pharaohs, said ‘Heat makes men black’(II.2). This was to explain the skin color of Egyptians and other Africans.
The concept of black skin due to the Sun was therefore known ever since. Thus, Blacks are the Children of the Sun, and Whites, who owe their color to the quasi absence of sunlight in ancient Eurasia, are the result of the cold.
Subsequently, in the ancient vitalist (animist) thought, the blacker one was seen as the product of the Sun, God’s messenger. The blacker we were, the more divine and blessed we were perceived. The blacker one was – according to what was said earlier – the more perfect and accomplished one was seen. That is why God and deities were represented with the blackest color: pitch-black.
The Kaaba was also venerated by the Sabeans at that time. As Africans, they went on their pilgrimage singing and dancing. They also practiced the cult of the Sun, messenger of their masculine and feminine God, a cult later demonized by the Quran (Sura 27). We can still find these relics in Islam. The 5 daily prayers are simply the Sabeans’ 7 daily prayers, performed according to the different positions of the sun during the day.
2600 years ago, Egyptians spread the cult of the virgin mother Aisata Mari-Amen in the East and Europe. The cult of the black virgin and her son was Europe’s main religion during centuries until the Romans took it up and transformed it around the 4th century to officially create Christianity.
The black color is therefore a blessed color for our ancestors and not a cursed one. Africans, be immensely proud of your skin color and your physical appearance, instead of trying to bleach or lighten your complexion in order to look like God knows what or who.
To know more about the African Spirituality overall, click here
By : Lisapo ya Kama © (All rights reserved. Any copying or translation of the text of this article is strictly forbidden without the written approval of Lisapo ya Kama)