The orientation of the world in the African thought

Since we were born we have been used to see the world and the continents in a given position. But this world map we now have, where does it come from?

In fact, the map of Africa and the World we currently have is a map reproduced endlessly on the model of that drawn for the first time by a European mathematician, cartographer and geographer of the 16th century, named Gerard Kremer a.k.a Gerard Mercator.

Gerard Mercator
Gerard Mercator
Map reproduced on the model of those drawn by Mercator
Map reproduced on the model of those drawn by Mercator

It should be emphasized that the maps reproduced by Europeans on Mercator’s model were not realized in order to represent the world as it really was. This map does not comply with the actual size of the continents. At the time when these maps were drawn, Europe was in a period of rebirth, had traveled the world with its “explorers”, etc., and was in the process of stepping forward. These maps were thus manufactured in a way to show the supremacy of Europe and the West over other parts of the world, and to show, according to the size entitled to each continent, the degree of respect Westerners were granting to one or another continent.

Places that were beginning to be explored (Africa, etc.) and dominated (slavery, etc.) were later on represented as inferior (hence below) to places where “greater” people live. We can even see the European continent represented as being at the center of this map, as to show that Europe was or had become the “center of the world”. This is why since then, Westerners have made Mercator’s map their official world map. These maps, inspired by Mercator’s works, are therefore false. Mercator made a map that was taken over and distorted for ideological purposes by Europe.

In fact, the vision of Africa that we usually see is a European and Western vision, a vision of Africa from what is now called the North. That is why when we see Africa from Europe, we see Africa below Europe; the Europeans who drew the world in the way they perceived it according to their geographical location.

But our ancestors did not see the continent as we see it today.

Archeology reveals that man was born in Africa, more precisely in the region of the Great Lakes, that is to say the source of the Nile. The Nile originates from the area of the Great Lakes and flows into the Mediterranean. That is where our common ancestors came from. And man was born and first inhabited regions extending from the Great Lakes to South Africa, etc. So from those regions (sources of the Nile, etc.) man first oriented himself. And from those regions (great lakes, etc.), one sees Africa only upside down instead of how it is usually represented. From those regions (now called the South) we see that Europe is below Africa.

This is how our ancestors were perceiving the continent. You can see where the Great Lakes region (surrounded area) is located. If we are to represent our continent as it should be, here is how we must do it.
This is how our ancestors were perceiving the continent. You can see where the Great Lakes region (surrounded area) is located. If we are to represent our continent as it should be, here is how we must do it.

This is confirmed by the Pharaonic texts in which we see that the Pharaonic civilization considered these regions (Great Lakes, etc.) as the holy land. In the Pharaonic texts, our ancestors of the Nile Valley called those regions under the label Ta Neter, which means the Land of God (Amun), and went there on pilgrimage. So when other peoples speak today of holy land and make pilgrimages, they have invented nothing, but plagiarized and distorted a concept that already existed.

Nos ancêtres n'avaient que la nature autour d'eux pour répondre à leurs questions sur les origines du monde et le pourquoi de la vie Image : le Kilimanjaro
Our ancestors in the Nile valley knew this mountain (Kilimanjaro) very well in the Great Lakes region. For our ancestors it was the holy mountain, the sacred mountain of God (Amun). They called it the “mountain of Manu” (in the book officially called “the Book of the Dead”), or “the sacred pyramid which shelters the divine ka for eternity” (the Book of what is in the Amduat). It is therefore possible that by taking inspiration from the impressive shape and size of the mountains, our ancestors developed the idea of the pyramids and built them.

Since the Nile flows down the great lakes towards the Mediterranean, it was necessary to descend the Nile gradually to found the civilization of the Nile valley. That’s what happened.

When one leaves those regions that our ancestors were calling Ta Neter (regions of the Great Lakes…), one gets to Shemu or Ta Shemu (that Westerners call Upper Egypt), the first and most ancient district of Ta Shemu is the one which our ancestors from the Nile valley were calling Ta Seti according to the pharaonic texts ; it means the land of the Arch; the land where those who know how to handle perfectly the arch come from. That is the actual name of Nubia, the most ancient pharaonic district. There were very skillful warriors. Many of those warriors and soldiers of the pharaonic army were coming from that district where they were recruited.

Soldiers of the pharaonic period
Soldiers of the pharaonic period

The term Nubia was invented by the westerners. This name come from the pharaonic word “Nub” which means gold because in that district there were gold quarries and mines used by our ancestors to make golden jewelry and artefacts. Westerners named that region according to its material wealth. Ta Shemu expands till the Ta Meri (actual name used by our ancestors to call Egypt) delta. Ta Meri (Egypt) ends with Mehu or Ta Mehu, a part which mainly comprises the Delta and the opening to the sea that westerners call Lower Egypt.

Why did westerners name those regions Upper and Lower Egypt? Well because they do know that our ancestors were directing themselves upside down as compared to the way we direct ourselves nowadays. Indeed, when we look at the geographic breakdown of the westerners’ falsified map about the pharaonic civilization, we are wondering why Upper Egypt which should have been on the northern part of the map is located on the southern part of map and why Lower Egypt which should have been in the South is located in the North.

Conventional Upper and Lower Egypt or the wandering and the mistakes (deliberate or not) of western egyptology
Conventional Upper and Lower Egypt or the wandering and the mistakes (deliberate or not) of western egyptology

Everything now makes sense when we turn the map upside down. The reversed map enables us to understand better the geographic location of Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. Everything all put together was making what we call Kmt, Kemet, Kamita, Kama, the Black people’s country, that is to say our continent as a whole.

With the “turned upside down” map (which is actually its real position), we understand better the course of the Nile (from the Great Lakes to the Mediterranean) and the location of Upper and Lower Egypt. This is Kama, the land of our ancestors.

As our ancestors civilized many people, this perception of the world lasted for a long time around the world although Europeans have been trying to draw the world according to their ideology and their geographic location.

Map of the 12th century (several centuries later) drawn by the Arab Al-Idrisi, according to those very ancient norms. We see Europe below our continent
Map of the 12th century (several centuries later) drawn by the Arab Al-Idrisi, according to those very ancient norms. We see Europe below our continent
Map by the French Nicolas Desliens in 1566 preserved in the National Library of France. These are the latest maps of this type. Europeans have removed these maps over time to impose the incorrect version of Mercator's propaganda world maps, which continues up to now.
Map by the French Nicolas Desliens in 1566 preserved in the National Library of France. These are the latest maps of this type. Europeans have removed these maps over time to impose the incorrect version of Mercator’s propaganda world maps, which continues up to now.

The regions we call the South today were considered as the North by our ancestors. This might explain why in the so called present South Africa there is still today one people, called “the People of Heaven”, that is to say, the Zulu people. Indeed Zulu means “heaven” and refers to what is above. If we take into account the geographical perception of our ancestors, we can suggest that the Zulu are at the top (actually in the North) of the continent.

Women from the People of Heaven, ie the Zulu people.
Women from the People of Heaven, ie the Zulu people
The projection of the world according to the Scottish Reverend James Gall. It dates back to the 19th century and takes up the vision of the European world, but disputes on scientific foundations the inaccurate proportions of the continents of the official version (Mercator Version) popularized by the West and is based on the actual size of the continents. This map is therefore closer to the reality with respect to the actual sizes of the continental blocks of the world. In the 20th century, this map was taken over and improved by the German Arno Peters. This map is therefore often called the Peters projection or Gall-Peters' Projection.
The projection of the world according to the Scottish Reverend James Gall. It dates back to the 19th century and takes up the vision of the European world, but disputes on scientific foundations the inaccurate proportions of the continents of the official version (Mercator Version) popularized by the West and is based on the actual size of the continents. This map is therefore closer to the reality with respect to the actual sizes of the continental blocks of the world. In the 20th century, this map was taken over and improved by the German Arno Peters. This map is therefore often called the Peters projection or Gall-Peters’ Projection.

So if one takes into account the world view inherited from our ancestors one must represent the continent in a position upside down its usual representation. But if we take into account the European and Western view of the world, we will represent Africa in the usual position we know (which is in fact the position drawn by Europe for Africa).

Indeed, each people draws the world according to its geographical location, because according to the geographical positioning, one has a perception of the given world. This means that not all peoples can see the earth from the same angle. It is therefore not normal for Africans to have the same map of the world as Europeans (as it is the case today).

This is why the afrocentric movement, concerned about returning to the ancestral values, draws the map of Africa and the world, “upside down”, to show its attachment to the worldview of our ancestors.

This is why the afrocentric movement, concerned about returning to the ancestral values, draws the map of Africa and the world, "upside down", to show its attachment to the worldview of our ancestors. This is how the maps of Africa and the World used by Africans in the near and distant future should look like .
This is how the maps of Africa and the World used by Africans in the near and distant future should look like.

May the black cartographers and the geography enthusiasts prepare themselves to make new maps of the world for Africans, as all peoples do!

Hotep!

By : Lisapo ya Kama © (All rights reserved. Any copying or translation of the text of this article is strictly forbbiden without the written approval of Lisapo ya Kama)

Notes :

  • Mercator’s Projection
  • Gall Peters’ Projection
  • Tabula Rogeriana
  • The book of what is in the Amudat
  • Efficient formulas for the fusion in the divine light (the Book of the Dead)
  • http://gallica.bnf.fr/