“Egypt was African in its writing, its culture and its way of thinking,” concludes Jean Vercoutter, renowned French Egyptologist and opponent of Cheikh Anta Diop at the Cairo conference on the identity of the ancient Egyptians.
“The very thorough preparation of communications from Professor Cheikh Anta Diop and Professor Obenga did not always have, despite the clarification of Unesco, an equal counterpart. There ensued a real imbalance in discussions”, Jean Devisse, rapporteur of the International Unesco Cairo Conference on the identity of the ancient Egyptians.
The Cairo conference was held in 1974. Hence more than 40 years ago, Unesco – the highest institution in the world able to decide on such matters – following a tense confrontation between 2 African Egyptologists and 18 other Egyptologists representing the rest of the world, admitted that Cheikh Anta Diop and Theophile Obenga were right and that Egypt was a strictly black African civilization.
At the beginning
Contrary to what one might be led to believe, Egypt was populated from South to North by a black people called Anu. This is a people that came from southern Africa and the Great Lakes region that first settled between the current Sudan and southern Egypt. It is the Anu who would gradually go down the Nile to conquer up to the extreme north: the Delta. Egyptian civilization has its roots in the Great Lakes and Southern Africa where the first modern humans were born and where all the first traces of human civilization were found . That is why the Great Lakes and Southern Africa were designated Ta Ntjer by the Egyptians, that is the Holy Land or the Land of God.
It is with this heritage acquired in the heart of Africa for 170 000 years that the Anu will build Egypt from south to north. Mathematics, writing, agriculture, architecture, religion etc … all this was invented within Africa and Sudan, and was taken to its peak by the Egyptians. Egyptian civilization ceases to be a miracle, something incomprehensible because it is so extraordinary, when it is placed in the continuity of the African experience since the dawn of humanity.
The first pharaohs ruled the south, probably for thousands of years. It was a Sudanese named Nare Mari who would finish conquering the Nile Delta and create the first unified dynasty of Egypt in 3300 before the Western era. Nare Mari, the first pharaoh of the first dynasty, was without a doubt a black man.
The name of Egypt and the Egyptians
The name that the ancient Egyptians gave to themselves, the name they gave to their country and our continent leaves no doubt about their race. They used the root Kam / Kem meaning ‘Coal-Coated’ thus Black. Which is common to Kemi / Kembou / Kheum / Kala which means coal / burned / black in several African languages.
This same Kam was at the origin of the biblical word Cham for designating the Black. The Egyptians called themselves Kemtiu, that is to say the coal-coated or blacks. Egypt and Africa were designated Km.t, which is read Kemet / Kama / Kamit and means black country or Kemmiu / Kammiu meaning country of Blacks.
The sculptures, engravings and paintings of the Pharaohs and the Egyptian people
From the first dynasty to the Greek invasion: ALL BLACKS!
Tests on the skins of the ancient Egyptians
Cheikh Anta Diop, in his lifetime, developed in his laboratory at IFAN in Dakar, Senegal, a method to quantify the melanin in the skin. Melanin is the pigment that gives color to the natural people of Africa. Although he was denied to test the mummies of the pharaohs, the tests made on the mummies of the Egyptian people have shown a melanin concentration that corresponds only to the black race. The results were presented at the Unesco symposium and did not suffer any challenge.
The DNA of the ancient Egyptians
In 2012, the laboratory DNA Tribes made public the results of the analyses of two royal mummies in particular. This is Amenhotep III, whose reign marks the absolute pinnacle of Egypt politically, economically and culturally. Amenhotep III, father of Akhenaten, had consolidated the gains of Djehuty-Mesu (Thutmose III), real founder of the Egyptian imperialism. The other tested pharaoh was Tutankhamen. Analyses of these 2 mummies as well as members of their family proved what all archaeological data had left to assume until then: They came from the Great Lakes and Southern Africa.
In addition to that, in 2012 a study conducted by Zahi Hawass and al. published in the BMJ showed that the pharaoh Ramesu Hekayunu (Ramesses III), carries the E1b1a gene, which is an African gene. This gene is quasi-specific to populations of Africa south of Sahara and to Africans in the Americas. It is maximal among Angolans for example.
In 2013, DNA Tribes went further with the DNA of Ramesu Hekayunu (Ramses III) and his son Pentawret. The results are similar : they are related to the peoples of the Great Lakes, Southern Africa, Central Africa/West Africa, and the horn of Africa.
What about then the DNA study of 2017 claiming that the Egyptians were white? Well we have demonstrated here that it is completely dishonest.
The osteology of the ancient Egyptians
We know how to determine, with skeleton’s descriptions only, if we are in the presence of Black people or not. Classically, the forearm is long compared to the arm, the pelvis is narrow. The skull is short from top to bottom, long from front to rear, with a protruding jaw and a flat nasal bone.
Historian and geographer Marius Fontane, echoed by Cheikh Anta Diop in Anteriorité des civilisations nègres, page 40, says “The so called Lepsius criteria, which gives, set to the square, the proportions of the body of the perfect Egyptian, has short arm, is Negroid or Nigritian “.
In 1983 G Robins publishes The physical proportion and living stature of New Kingdom pharaohs. The study had estimated the pharaohs’ heights after the radiological measurements of the skeletons of Ahmosis I, Amenhotep I, Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III, Thutmose IV, Amenhotep II, Thutmose IV, Amenhotep III, Akhenaten, Tutankhamen, Sethi I, Rameses II and Merneptah.
Robins concluded that the criteria applied to Black people make it possible to estimate the real heights. Whites’ criteria do not match. And he says ” It is shown that the limbs of the pharaohs, like those of other Ancient Egyptians, had negroid characteristics.”
The same language family, the same culture and the same religion as the rest of Africa
Western and Eastern Egyptologists all failed to link the Egyptian language to the Indo-European and Semitic languages (Arabic, Hebrew …). It’s Cheikh Anta Diop in the 50’s who made the comparison with his own language Wolof and has proved that the ancient Egyptian language was black and had endless similarities with Wolof. Since then ancient Egyptian language is recognized as Black African language, of the same family as all African languages.
Even the names of the ancient Egyptians are in fact African names. These names, as popularized today, are in their Europeanized versions. We gave original versions above. Here are others:
- Anubis : Inpu
- Nephthys : Nabintu
- Seth : Sutey
- Pinedjem : Pay Ndjem
- Nodjemet : Ndjemt
- Heliopolis : Iunu
- Hermepolis : Khemenu
- Thèbes : Waset
- Fayum : Pa Yôm
- Ehnas El Medinh : Neni Nsut
- Abydos : Abdjut
- Edfu : Djebawu etc…
Other names that were common in Egypt: Sow, Ka, Ba, Khonsu, Imana, Karé, Bari, Bakare, Sen, Djedu, Tjebu …
Whether it is totemism, family organization by matriarchy, the celebration of funerals, the organization of royalty, absolutely everything in Egyptian culture is basically common with Sub-Saharan Africa. Egyptian religion, of which so much has been written and so much still being written, is absolutely identical to that which is practiced by black people. Egypt was never polytheistic and all scientists know this. It is consciously that they propagate the idea of an Egypt with many gods for the purpose of refusing to award Africa with discovering God.
The testimonies of European scholars
All ancient Greek scholars, among the most respected, said that the Egyptians they had seen when they came to Africa were black. Here are testimonies chosen from those compiled by Cheikh Anta Diop in Anteriorité des civilisations nègres, pages 35-39:
Herodotus, known as the father of history said “Clearly, indeed, the Colchians (a people living along the Black Sea) are of Egyptian race (…) I had conjectured it myself after two indices: first because they have black skin and frizzy hair”
Aristotle, Greek scholar perhaps the most influential on Western thought today said “Those who are too black are cowards, this applies to the Egyptians and Ethiopians (other Africans)“
Aeschylus, Greek poet, describing the Egyptians sailing away “I notice the crew with its black members bringing out the white tunics”
Lucien the navigator, Greek writer, wrote a scene between 2 Greeks and made one of his characters describing an Egyptian “This boy is not only black but is also sloth with too slender legs … his hair gathered back in a braid”
Diodorus of Sicile, who thought that the rest of Africa was populated from Egypt, reports the testimony of other Africans “The Ethiopians (i.e the Sudanese / other blacks) say that the Egyptians are one of their colonies which was conducted in Egypt by Osiris “
Even during the Roman occupation, that is to say 250 years just before the Arab invasion and despite the massive and uninterrupted presence of whites in Egypt for 600 years, Ammian Marcellin, a friend of the Roman Emperor Julian says ” the men of Egypt are, for the most brown and black”. At this stage, therefore, the Egyptians were much like the West Indians.
Mummies with straight hair?
There are several images of pharaohs with straight hair. The same having been depicted in their lifetime with frizzy hair and described as such by the Greeks as we have just seen. It is most likely during mummification, where one used an alkaline substance and henna, that the hair became smooth and reddish-blond. This has been investigated here.
If the Egyptians were black, how did Egypt become white?
Egyptian civilization began 27,000 years ago, thus 19,000 years before the appearance of the white man. The first major white invasion was that of the Assyrians in 663 before the Western era.
From that moment Egypt began to decline. Then the Persians invaded the country in 525 BC, the Greeks in -332 put an end to indigenous dynasties. The Romans invaded in -31 and finally the Arabs. The Arabs entered Egypt in 639 as part of the Muslim invasions, nearly 1,000 years after the end of the last Egyptian native dynasty, 600 years after the end of the Pharaonic civilization in Egypt, 300 years after the end of Pharaonic civilization in Sudan.
When the Arabs came into Egypt, the indigenous had migrated in numbers to the rest of Africa. Among these are the Soninke of Mali / Mauritania, the Akan of Ghana / Ivory Coast, the Yoruba of Nigeria, the Bassa of Cameroon, or possibly the Zulu and Xhosa in South Africa. Those who remained in Egypt were already crossbred with all white invaders, these are the Copts of today.
This explains why the Copts, a yet apparently white people speak a black tongue. The Arabs thus have nothing to do, directly or indirectly, with the Egyptian civilization. They also know it very well but are careful not to say it in order to peacefully collect money generated by tourism in Egypt.
If the Egyptians were black, why are Blacks not as intelligent?
This is a question that is often asked by Africans who have swallowed up to indigestion Western discourse on their alleged inferiority. One must already know that under foreign occupation the Egyptians themselves had dramatically regressed, to the point of eating each other. But all over Africa, after Egypt, civilizations have hatched.
Until the beginning of the European slave trade that destroyed the continent , Africa was covered with sophisticated empires and was probably the richest continent in the world. It is slavery and colonization that made Africans believe they are idiots. That’s why we do not understand how – given our inferiority that we believe is natural – we can be told that we have built the greatest civilization of antiquity, the most decisive civilization in human history and that we are actually the civilizers of humanity.
It is an information that has all the trouble to enter the minds of Africans, especially as it is not mediated by the holy sacred word of the white man. There is therefore a sleeping genius in every African that we must awake.
Cheikh Anta Diop
If you got this far it’s thanks to Cheikh Anta Diop. While campaigning for African independences and being a Senegalese student in Paris, Diop decided to delve into the African past. Like all of us, the colonial school made him believe that Africa had no significant history. Diop, as a politician, aimed to find the common root of all Africans to unite them around their history and thus build a stronger Africa.
In his searches, he stumbles upon Egypt, in particular through the amazing similarities with his native tongue Wolof. In 1954 at age 31, he published the famous Nations Nègres et Culture, which marked the end of the falsification of African history and assassinated Western Egyptology.
Diop was not the first Black to say that the Egyptians were black. We can mention before him the Haitian Antenor Firmin or the Black from Egypt Muhammad Ali Duse. But Diop was the first to fight this battle all the way to its conclusion and to attain sustainable theories based on ancient Egypt to solve the problems of Africa.
Marginalized, insulted, Cheikh Anta Diop’s career is obstructed by President Senghor on his return to Senegal, despite the fact he had many diplomas. It was in 1974 in Cairo at the conference that the Westerners could no longer hide the facts and Unesco declared Diop the winner after his brilliant demonstrations. Cheikh Anta Diop is now regarded as the greatest African scholar of the 20th century, the father of modern African historiography, and the father of intellectual renaissance of Africa.
By: Lisapo ya Kama © (All rights reserved. Any copying or translation of the text of this article is strictly forbbiden without the written approval of Lisapo ya Kama)