The ancient Egyptians were Black

Cheikh Anta Diop 1923-1986
Cheikh Anta Diop
1923-1986

“Egypt was African in its writing, its culture and its way of thinking,” concludes Jean Vercoutter, renowned French Egyptologist and opponent of Cheikh Anta Diop at the Cairo conference on the identity of the ancient Egyptians.

“The very thorough preparation of communications from Professor Cheikh Anta Diop and Professor Obenga did not always have, despite the clarification of Unesco, an equal counterpart. There ensued a real imbalance in discussions”, Jean Devisse, rapporteur of the International Unesco Cairo Conference on the identity of the ancient Egyptians.

The Cairo conference was held in 1974. Hence more than 40 years ago, Unesco – the highest institution in the world able to decide on such matters – following a tense confrontation between 2 African Egyptologists and 18 other Egyptologists representing the rest of the world, admitted that Cheikh Anta Diop and Theophile Obenga were right and that Egypt was a strictly black African civilization.

THE EVIDENCE

At the beginning

Tera Ntjer, chef de la tribu des Anou venue de l'intérieur de l'Afrique et qui aux temps premiers fonda la civilisation égyptienne Source : Nations Nègres et Culture, Cheikh Anta Diop, page 73
Tera Ntjer, chief of the Anu tribe from the interior of Africa and who founded in early times the Egyptian civilization (Source: Nations Nègres et Culture, Cheikh Anta Diop, page 73)

Contrary to what one might be led to believe, Egypt was populated from South to North by a black people called Anu. This is a people that came from southern Africa and the Great Lakes region that first settled between the current Sudan and southern Egypt. It is the Anu who would gradually go down the Nile to conquer up to the extreme north: the Delta. Egyptian civilization has its roots in the Great Lakes and Southern Africa where the first modern humans were born and where all the first traces of human civilization were found . That is why the Great Lakes and Southern Africa were designated Ta Ntjer by the Egyptians, that is the Holy Land or the Land of God.

It is with this heritage acquired in the heart of Africa for 170 000 years that the Anu will build Egypt from south to north. Mathematics, writing, agriculture, architecture, religion etc … all this was invented within Africa and Sudan, and was taken to its peak by the Egyptians. Egyptian civilization ceases to be a miracle, something incomprehensible because it is so extraordinary, when it is placed in the continuity of the African experience since the dawn of humanity.

The first pharaohs ruled the south, probably for thousands of years. It was a Sudanese named Nare Mari who would finish conquering the Nile Delta and create the first unified dynasty of Egypt in 3300 before the Western era. Nare Mari, the first pharaoh of the first dynasty, was without a doubt a black man.

Naré Mari (Narmer) Premier unificateur de l'Egypte, premier pharaon de la première dynastie Tête en calcaire au musée Petrie de Londres
Nare Mari (Narmer), First unifier of Egypt, first pharaoh of the first dynasty (Limestone head at the Petrie Museum in London)

The name of Egypt and the Egyptians

The name that the ancient Egyptians gave to themselves, the name they gave to their country and our continent leaves no doubt about their race. They used the root Kam / Kem meaning ‘Coal-Coated’ thus Black. Which is common to Kemi / Kembou / Kheum / Kala which means coal / burned / black in several African languages.

This same Kam was at the origin of the biblical word Cham for designating the Black. The Egyptians called themselves Kemtiu, that is to say the coal-coated or blacks. Egypt and Africa were designated Km.t, which is read Kemet / Kama / Kamit and means black country or Kemmiu / Kammiu meaning country of Blacks.

Le nom de l'Egypte et de l'Afrique écrit en Medou Ntjer (hiéroglyphes): Le premier signe est le son "Km" Le deuxième signe (la chouette) est le "m" Le 3e signe (la motte) est le substantif féminin "t" Jusqu'ici on lit donc la La Noire Enfin le dernier signe est un carrefour ou une agglomération, désignant une locaité ou une union de peuple. Bref, une un pays ou une Nation. Ce qui donne pays noir ou nation noire Pays noir a le même sens qu'Afrique noire, on parle bien de la couleur de peau
The name of Egypt and Africa written in Medu Ntjer (hieroglyphics); The first sign is the sound “Km”; The second sign (the owl) is the “m”; The third sign (the mound) is the feminine noun “t”; So far we read “The Black”; Finally the last sign is a crossroads or agglomeration, designating a place or a union of peoples. This is called an ideogram. It refers here thus to a country or a Nation. We thus have Black Country or Black Nation. Black Country has the same meaning as black Africa, talking about skin color of course

The sculptures, engravings and paintings of the Pharaohs and the Egyptian people

From the first dynasty to the Greek invasion: ALL BLACKS!

Khasekmoui, 2e dynastie, malgré le nez cassé on voit bien les lèvres épaisses et la mâchoire avancée des Noirs.
Khasekmui, 2nd dynasty. Despite the broken nose we can see the thick lips and forward-looking jaw of Blacks.
A gauche : le pharaon Djoser, 3e dynastie, avec ses lèvres épaisses et ses violents airs de Samuel Eto'o A droite : son Djaty, c'est à dire son premier ministre, Imhotep. C'est sous Djoser que tous les corps de sciences égyptiennes finirons d'être inventés, notemment grâce au génie d'Imhotep Imhotep est le plus grand savant noir de tous les temps
Left: Pharaoh Djoser, 3rd Dynasty, with his thick lips and his airs of Samuel Eto’o. Right: his Djaty, ie his prime minister, Imhotep. It was under Djoser that all bodies of Egyptian science will eventually be invented, mostly thanks to the genius of Imhotep. Imhotep is the greatest black scientist of all time
Le pharaon Houni de la 3e dynastie. Homme de type malien
Pharaoh Huni of the 3rd Dynasty. Man of Malian type
La 4e dynastie, celle des bâtisseurs supposés des pyramides. Ils sont tous les 3 indiscutablement noirs.
The 4th dynasty, the supposed builders of the pyramids. They are all 3 indisputably black. You can see that their names in the original version sound strictly African.
5e dynastie : la pharaon Ouserkaf à gauche. A droite le pharaon Pepi II représenté comme un petit enfant dans les bras de sa mère.
Pharaoh Userkaf of the 5th dynasty, left. To the Right, Pharaoh Pepi II represented as a small child in his mother’s arms.
11e dynastie à la fin de la période intermédiaire trouble (7e-10e) De gauche à droite : Les pharaons Antef, Montouhotep et Sankhkara Montouhotep. Oui vous lisez bien Sankhkara...
11th Dynasty, at the end of the interim troublesome period (7th to 10th). From left to right: The pharaohs Antef, Montuhotep and Sankhkara Montuhotep. Yes you read right … Sankhkara
Kheperkaré Sen Ouseret (Sesostris III), le légendaire pharaon de la 12e dynastie
Khakauré Sen Useret (Sesostris III), the legendary pharaoh of the 12th dynasty
12e dynastie : Kheperkaré Sen Ouseret (Sesostris 1) Nimaatré Imana-m-hat (Amenhemhat III) Sobekneferou, 2e femme pharaon
12th dynasty : Kheperkare Sen Useret (Sesostris 1)
Nimaatre Imana-m-hat (Amenemhat III)
Sobekneferu, the third female pharaoh
Pharaoh Yahmesu (Ahmosis) and his sister-wife Yahmesu Neferet-Iry. This couple founded the most prestigious dynasty ever : The 18th.
Djeserkaré Imanahotep (Amenhotep I) Aakheperjaré Djehouty-Messou (Thoutmosis I) Djehouty-Messou Neferkhaou (Thoutmosis II)
Djoserkare Imanahotep (Amenhotep I)
Aakheperkare Djehuty-Mesu (Thutmose I)
Djehuty-Mesu Neferkhau (Thutmose II)
La célèbre femme pharaon Hatchepsout
The famous female pharaoh Hatshepsut
Menkheperrè Djehouty-Messou (Thoutmosis III), l'homme noir le plus puissant de tous les temps
Menkheperre Djehuty-Mesu (Thutmose III), the greatest Black man ever
Toutankhamon et Amenhotep III
Tutankhamen and Imanahotep Hekawaset (Amenhotep III). Both have the snake on their crowns like the Yoruba people of Nigeria.
Nefertiti and Akhenaten
Musée du Louvre
The famous bust of Nefertiti at Berlin museum that shows a white woman is most likely a fake.
Le corps de Nefertiti, indiscutablement africain Authentifié par Runoko Rashidi
The Body of Nefertiti, indisputably African (Authenticated by Runoko Rashidi)
Toutankhamon et sa femme la reine Ankh-Sen-Imana, fille d'Akhenaton et de Nefertiti
Pharaoh Tuanga Imana (Tutankhamen) and his wife Queen Ankh-Sen-Imana, daughter of Nefertiti and Akhenaten
Ramesu Mayrimana (Ramses II)
Ramesu Mayrimana (Ramses II)
Le peuple égyptien
The Egyptian people
Mise à jour d'une tombe en 2015 Source : Huffington Post
A tomb discovered in 2015 (Source: Huffington Post)
La représentation des races humaines sous Ramsès III : A : Egyptiens B: Indo-Européens C: Autres noirs d'Afrique D : Sémitiques Les Egyptiens étaient donc aussi noirs que les autres Africains et il s'agit du même peuple puisqu'ils sont habillés à l'identitique et les cheveux sont également teintés de roux de la même facon. Remarquez la peau de félin qui est un attribut des chefs en Afrique
The human races known under the rule of Ramesu Hekayunu (Ramses III). The Egyptians were thus as black so the other Africans and it is the same people as they are dressed in an identical manner and the hair is also tinged with red in the same way. Note the feline skin which is an attribute of leaders in Africa
Voici le grand sphinx reproduit par Vivant Denon, déssinateur faisaint partie de l'équipe de Napoléon en Egypte. Le Sphinx est immortalisé ici avant que son nez et sa bouche ne soient aussi endommagés qu'aujourd'hui. Ce visage est indiscutablement négroide (Source : Antériorité des civilisations nègres, Cheikh Anta Diop, planche 19)
This is the Great Sphinx reproduced by Vivant Denon, a cartoonist that was part of Napoleon’s expedition to Egypt. The Sphinx is immortalized here before his nose and mouth became as damaged as they are today. This face is undoubtedly Negroid (Source: Anteriorité des civilisations nègres, Cheikh Anta Diop, board 19)

Tests on the skins of the ancient Egyptians

Cheikh Anta Diop, in his lifetime, developed in his laboratory at IFAN in Dakar, Senegal, a method to quantify the melanin in the skin. Melanin is the pigment that gives color to the natural people of Africa. Although he was denied to test the mummies of the pharaohs, the tests made on the mummies of the Egyptian people have shown a melanin concentration that corresponds only to the black race. The results were presented at the Unesco symposium and did not suffer any challenge.

The DNA of the ancient Egyptians

In 2012, the laboratory DNA Tribes made public the results of the analyses of two royal mummies in particular. This is Amenhotep III, whose reign marks the absolute pinnacle of Egypt politically, economically and culturally. Amenhotep III, father of Akhenaten, had consolidated the gains of Djehuty-Mesu (Thutmose III), real founder of the Egyptian imperialism. The other tested pharaoh was Tutankhamen. Analyses of these 2 mummies as well as members of their family proved what all archaeological data had left to assume until then: They came from the Great Lakes and Southern Africa.

Résultats de DNA Tribes : Indice de compatibilité génétique (ICG) de 326 avec l'Afrique australe, 323 avec les grands Lacs et 83 avec l'Afrique centrale/Afrique de l'Ouest. Pour comparaison, les Blancs sémitiques, européens ou berbères sont entre 3 et 7.
Results of DNA Tribes (Tut corresponds to Tutankhamen, Yuya and Thuya are the maternal grandparents of Akhenaten, KV55 is pharaoh Akhenaten himself): Genetic Compatibility Index of 326 with Southern Africa, 323 with the Great Lakes and 83 with Central Africa / West Africa. For comparison purposes, the White Semitics, European and Berber are between 3 and 7.

In addition to that, in 2012 a study conducted by Zahi Hawass and al. published in the BMJ showed that the pharaoh Ramesu Hekayunu (Ramesses III), carries the E1b1a gene, which is an African gene. This gene is quasi-specific to populations of Africa south of Sahara and to Africans in the Americas. It is maximal among Angolans for example.

In 2013, DNA Tribes went further with the DNA of Ramesu Hekayunu (Ramses III) and his son Pentawret. The results are similar : they are related to the peoples of the Great Lakes, Southern Africa, Central Africa/West Africa, and the horn of Africa.

What about then the DNA study of 2017 claiming that the Egyptians were white? Well that study is completely dishonest as we have demonstrated here.

The same language family, the same culture and the same religion as the rest of Africa

Western and Eastern Egyptologists all failed to link the Egyptian language to the Indo-European and Semitic languages (Arabic, Hebrew …). It’s Cheikh Anta Diop in the 50’s who made the comparison with his own language Wolof and has proved that the ancient Egyptian language was black and had endless similarities with Wolof. Since then ancient Egyptian language is recognized as Black African language, of the same family as all African languages.

Extrait de mots communs entre l’Égyptien et le Wolof La démonstration de Cheikh Anta Diop dans Nations Nègres et Culture s'étend sur 100 pages : une véritable gifle.
Extract of common words between the Egyptian and Wolof. The demonstration of Cheikh Anta Diop in Nations Nègres et Culture spans 100 pages: a slap in the face.

Even the names of the ancient Egyptians are in fact African names. These names, as popularized today, are in their Europeanized versions. We gave original versions above. Here are others:

  • Anubis : Inpu
  • Nephthys : Nabintu
  • Seth : Sutey
  • Pinedjem : Pay Ndjem
  • Nodjemet : Ndjemt
  • Heliopolis : Iunu
  • Hermepolis : Khemenu
  • Thèbes : Waset
  • Fayum : Pa Yôm
  • Ehnas El Medinh : Neni Nsut
  • Abydos : Abdjut
  • Edfu : Djebawu etc…

Other names that were common in Egypt: Sow, Ka, Ba, Khonsu, Imana, Karé, Bari, Bakare, Sen, Djedu, Tjebu …

Le mobilier des anciens égyptiens : du balai au tabouret, en passant par la natte, on retrouve ces objets à l'identique dans tous les villages africains
The furniture of the ancient Egyptians: be it the broom or the stool, the mat or the head layer, we find these objects identical in all African villages
The musical instruments of the ancient Egyptians are still used in Africa today.

Whether it is totemism, family organization by matriarchy, the celebration of funerals, the organization of royalty, absolutely everything in Egyptian culture is basically common with Sub-Saharan Africa. Egyptian religion, of which so much has been written and so much still being written, is absolutely identical to that which is practiced by black people. Egypt was never polytheistic and all scientists know this. It is consciously that they propagate the idea of an Egypt with many gods for the purpose of refusing to award Africa with discovering God.

Amen-Râ, Dieu unique de l'Afrique, imaginé sous sa forme masculine (gauche, temple d'Hatchepsout); Et féminine et masculine (Musée du Louvre)
Ama / Imana / Amani / Amen / Nyamien / Nyambe / Nzambe / Nzambi etc … Unique God of Africa, imagined in his male form (left, temple of Hatshepsut), here he wears the collar – the pectoral one – of the Maasai people of Kenya-Tanzania and South Africa’s Xhosa people; feminine and masculine forms (right, Musée du Louvre)
Ousiré Kem-Our (Osiris le grand Noir), fils d'Amen-Râ Aïssata Setkem (Isis la femme noire), fille d'Amen-Râ. Elle tient dans ses bras son fils né d'Ousiré par immaculé conception. Voilà les récits africains qui ont été copiés par les étrangers.
Usirey Kem-Ur (Osiris the great Black), son of Amen-Ra; Aïsata Setkem (Isis the Black Woman), daughter of Amen-Ra. She holds in her arms her son born of Usirey by immaculate conception. There goes the African stories that have been copied by foreigners.

The testimonies of European scholars

All ancient Greek scholars, among the most respected, said that the Egyptians they had seen when they came in Africa were black. Here are testimonies chosen from those compiled by Cheikh Anta Diop in Anteriorité des civilisations nègres, pages 35-39:

Herodotus, known as the father of history said “Clearly, indeed, the Colchians (a people living along the Black Sea) are of Egyptian race (…) I had conjectured it myself after two indices: first because they have black skin and frizzy hair”

Aristotle, Greek scholar perhaps the most influential on Western thought today said “Those who are too black are cowards, this applies to the Egyptians and Ethiopians (other Africans)

Aeschylus, Greek poet, describing the Egyptian sailing away “I notice the crew with its black members bringing out the white tunics”

Lucien the navigator, Greek writer, wrote a scene between 2 Greeks and made one of his characters describing an Egyptian “This boy is not only black but is also sloth with too slender legs … his hair gathered back in a braid”

Diodorus of Sicile, who thought that the rest of Africa was populated from Egypt, reports the testimony of other Africans “The Ethiopians (i.e the Sudanese / other blacks) say that the Egyptians are one of their colonies which was conducted in Egypt by Osiris “

Even during the Roman occupation, that is to say 250 years just before the Arab invasion and despite the massive and uninterrupted presence of whites in Egypt for 600 years, Ammian Marcellin, a friend of the Roman Emperor Julian says ” the men of Egypt are, for the most brown and black”. At this stage, therefore, the Egyptians were much like the West Indians.

Mummies with straight hair?

There are several images of pharaohs with straight hair. The same having been depicted in their lifetime with frizzy hair and described as such by the Greeks as we have just seen. It is most likely during mummification, where one used an alkaline substance and henna, that the hair became smooth and reddish-blond. This has been investigated here.

The king is clearly touched by prognathism, he is therefore Black.
In his lifetime Ramesu Maryimana (Ramses II) was always depicted with frizzy hair. Having died at 90 years, his red hair was thus result of Henna dye. Moreover, some mummification products have the same properties as the current relaxers for black women. Look at the entire jaw of the great King. It is prominent and pushed forward. This is specific to Black people. The french scholar Maspero who discovered the mummy described that ‘strong jaw’. The same characteristic can still be observed on the great Sphinx today.

If the Egyptians were black, how did Egypt become white?

Egyptian civilization began 27,000 years ago, thus 19,000 years before the appearance of the white man. The first major white invasion was that of the Assyrians in 663 before the Western era.

From that moment Egypt began to decline. Then the Persians invaded the country in 525 BC, the Greeks in -332 put an end to indigenous dynasties. The Romans invaded in -31 and finally the Arabs. The Arabs entered Egypt in 639 as part of the Muslim invasions, nearly 1,000 years after the end of the last Egyptian native dynasty, 600 years after the end of the Pharaonic civilization in Egypt, 300 years after the end of Pharaonic civilization in Sudan.

Voici la célèbre Cléopâtre qui a régné sous l'occupation grecque de l'Egypte. Elle était de toute évidence métisse d’Égyptiens et de Grecs. Même sous l'occupation grecque donc, il y avait encore des pharaons noirs. Reconstitution du visage de Cléopâtre par l'Université de Cambridge, à partir des gravures qui existent de la reine.
This is the infamous Cleopatra who ruled under Greek occupation of Egypt. She was obviously half cast of Egyptians and Greeks. Even under Greek occupation, then, there were still black pharaohs. (Cleopatra facial reconstruction by the University of Cambridge, from engravings that exist of the Queen (Source: Dailymail))

When the Arabs came into Egypt, the indigenous had migrated in numbers to the rest of Africa. Among these are the Soninke of Mali / Mauritania, the Akan of Ghana / Ivory Coast, the Yoruba of Nigeria, the Bassa of Cameroon, or possibly the Zulu and Xhosa in South Africa. Those who remained in Egypt were already crossbred with all white invaders, these are the Copts of today.

This explains why the Copts, a yet apparently white people speak a black tongue. The Arabs thus have nothing to do, directly or indirectly, with the Egyptian civilization. They also know it very well but are careful not to say it in order to peacefully collect money generated by tourism in Egypt.

Although the Copts, descendants of the Egyptians in Egypt today are white or half-breed, they were still mostly dark-skinned at the end of the 19th century, as shown in this picture.
Source: US Library of Congress

If the Egyptians were black, why are Blacks not as intelligent?

This is a question that is often asked by Africans who have swallowed up to indigestion Western discourse on their alleged inferiority. One must already know that under foreign occupation the Egyptians themselves had dramatically regressed, to the point of eating each other. But all over Africa, after Egypt, civilizations have hatched.

La civilisation de Wagadou (ancien Ghana) fut fondée en Mauritanie actuelle par les Soninké dès la fin de la civilisation pharaonique. C'est la traite négrière européenne et son terrorisme sur 350 ans qui ont détruit l'Afrique
The civilization of Wagadu (ancient Ghana) was founded in present Mauritania by the black people of Soninké at the end of the Pharaonic civilization.
The Shona civilization (Zimbabwe), built at the end of the pharaonic civilization. It is the European slave trade and its terrorism for over 350 years that have destroyed Africa

Until the beginning of the European slave trade that destroyed the continent , Africa was covered with sophisticated empires and was probably the richest continent in the world. It is slavery and colonization that made Africans believe they are idiots. That’s why we do not understand how – given our inferiority that we believe is natural – we can be told that we have built the greatest civilization of antiquity, the most decisive civilization in human history and that we are actually the civilizers of humanity.

It is an information that has all the trouble to enter the minds of Africans, especially as it is not mediated by the holy sacred word of the white man. There is therefore a sleeping genius in every African that we must awake.

Cheikh Anta Diop

L'ancêtre méritant Cheikh Anta Diop, qui a tout sacrifié, tout enduré pour rendre sa fierté à Kama (l'Afrique). Qu'il vive éternellement, à jamais!
Cheikh Anta Diop, who has sacrificed everything, endured everything, to bring back its pride to Kama (Africa). 

If you got this far it’s thanks to Cheikh Anta Diop. While campaigning for African independences and being a Senegalese student in Paris, Diop decided to delve into the African past. Like all of us, the colonial school made him believe that Africa had no significant history. Diop, as a politician, aimed to find the common root of all Africans to unite them around their history and thus build a stronger Africa.

In his searches, he stumbles upon Egypt, in particular through the amazing similarities with his native tongue Wolof. In 1954 at age 31, he published the famous Nations Nègres et Culture, which marked the end of the falsification of African history and assassinated Western Egyptology.

Diop was not the first Black to say that the Egyptians were black. We can mention before him the Haitian Antenor Firmin or the Black from Egypt Muhammad Ali Duse. But Diop was the first to fight this battle all the way to its conclusion and to attain sustainable theories based on ancient Egypt to solve the problems of Africa.

Cheikh Anta Diop et Théophile Obenga
Cheikh Anta Diop and Theophile Obenga

Marginalized, insulted, Cheikh Anta Diop’s career is obstructed by President Senghor on his return to Senegal, despite the fact he had many diplomas. It was in 1974 in Cairo at the conference that the Westerners could no longer hide the facts and Unesco declared Diop the winner after his brilliant demonstrations. Cheikh Anta Diop is now regarded as the greatest African scholar of the 20 th century, the father of modern African historiography, and the father of intellectual renaissance of Africa.

Read this book and get unapologetically back your pride...
Read this book and take unapologetically back your pride…

Hotep!

By: Lisapo ya Kama © (All rights reserved. Any copying or translation of the text of this article is strictly forbbiden without the written approval of Lisapo ya Kama)

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