Ramesu Maryimana (Ramses II), the Pharaoh and the titanic work

Why is Ramses II the most famous Pharaoh of Egypt? What is his most prominent achievement that made his name go so far in posterity? The king distinguished himself by an intense military activity, an exceptionally long reign and an important development of the country, supported by a titanic architectural work. Therefore, we are going to tell you more about this man who has become a legend.

Ramesu Maryimana
Realistic and successful illustration by Omar Buckley

Beforehand, we discussed the issue of Ramesu Maryimana’s race, demonstrating that he was Black like all ancient Egyptians. In particular, we talked about his mummy which is a matter of controversy in 2 articles: Article 1, Article 2.

The son of Mut Tuya

The birth name of Ra-mesu Mary-Imana means “born of Ra, beloved of Imana (Amen)”. Ra / Re and Imana are the different names of the unique God of Africa. Ramesu Maryimana is the son of the great royal wife Mut Tuya and Pharaoh Usirey Suti Mery-n-Ptah (Sethi I). As the son of Mut Tuya, an authentic Egyptian princess, he was seen by the people as perfectly legitimate, by virtue of the African matriarchal tradition. This is why Suti, son of a military family from the delta, associated him very early to power. At the age of 10, the young prince was already captain of the army.

Suti and Mut Tuya
Ramesu Mayrimana’s parents
Suti and Ramesu
Here, the prince is wearing a braid on the side, like the Himba young boys of Namibia

It is in 2957 of the African era, that Ramesu Maryimana became the effective king, on the death of his father. His coronation name is User-ma’at-Ra Stp-n-Ra (mighty is the righteousness of God, God’s chosen one).

Restoration of Egyptian power

Since Menkheperre Djehuty-Mesu (Thutmose III)’s rule, Egypt had become an imperialist nation by reaction to the repulsed invasion of the Hyksos. Djehuty-Mesu conquered Western Asia, which was subsequently lost at the end of the 18th dynasty, due to the quarrels provoked by the religious reform of Akhenaten. It is Pa-Ramesu (Ramses I), founder of the 19th dynasty, then his son Suti, who would restore the religious cohesion of the country. Suti begun to reconquer Western Asia. His son will be interested in it.

Ramesu Maryimana enters Asia and submits the southern territories the Hittite Kingdom (Turkey) to his authority. The black nation of Jahi (Phenicia) also lends allegiance to the military power of the Pharaoh. The Hittites, sworn enemies of the Egyptians, control the other part of Western Asia. In reaction to the victories of Ramessou, the Hittite sovereign Muwattali raises an army of allied nations, the clash between the two greats becomes inevitable.

Illustration of the Egyptian army with Pharaoh in the lead

Ramesu, well informed of the Hittite movements, takes the lead of a colossal army of 20,000 men composed of four divisions. Each division is headed by a commander-in-chief, and has scribes recording war acts and heralds who provide communication between the various components of the army. The infantrymen have leather shields, clubs, axes, spears, javelins, daggers and curved swords. The shock troops are squadrons of two-wheeled tanks pulled by two horses, mounted by two soldiers, a driver and an archer. The officers flanking the battle tanks are among the most prestigious of the Egyptian army.

All this accounts for the military power of Africa in the Pharaonic era. The clash between Ramesu’s and Muwatali’s armies took place in Kadesh in the south of present Syria.

The Battle of Kadesh

The Hittites successfully attacked the Re and Amen divisions, inflicting a significant setback on the Kamits (Blacks). The situation benefited the opponent and Pharaoh dangerously sunk among the enemy troops to the point of being almost isolated. In difficulty, Ramesu Maryimana invoked God on the battlefield in a prayer that still has its place today:

‘I am calling you

Oh our father Amen-Ra

We are amongst numerous people

That we do not know and whose intentions are hostile towards us

The other nations have once again allied themselves against us

In order to harm Kamits (Blacks) and steal their wealth

We are alone; there is nobody by our side

Here I am raising my prayer

From the ends of the barbarian lands

My call reached Waset (Thebes)

And I can hear from the distance your steps coming towards us

Glory to you, Oh Amen-Ra

The Master of the Universe’ [1]

Ramesu holding his enemies down: a Sudanese, a Black Asian and a White from Asia; Fresco of the Egyptian Museum of Cairo

Seeing their king fighting with incredible courage, the Egyptian troops helped Ramesu and managed to reverse the situation. The Hittites had many dead in their ranks and fled into the swamps. The victorious king was acclaimed by his troops for his bravery but furious, he blamed his men for their cowardice.

The school of Western Egyptology tells us that the battle ended in a draw but a text from the mentioned period, published by Cheikh Anta Diop leaves little doubt about the final victory of the Africans in that war. The Hittite king Khatusil III addressed Ramesu Maryimana in such terms: “The chief of Khati (Hittite country) ordered the chief of Qidi:” Get prepared, let us go to Egypt. The king’s word, [Ramses II] has manifested, let us obey Sesostris [Ramses II]. He gives the breath of life to those who love him: also the whole earth loves him and Khati becomes one with him “[2].

Ramesu Maryimana also defeated the Tjemehu (Assyrians), Libu (Libyans), Tchasu (Bedouins). The king accompanied by his sons Imana Horo Khepshef and Kha-m-Waset conquered Nubia (Sudan), country of his ancestors. By taking over Western Asia, Libya and Sudan, the Pharaoh revived the Egyptian empire with much of the extent of Djehuty-Mesu’ time.

The unequaled architectural work

No pharaoh, and probably no African king, has ever built like this man. After developing the industry and constructing many ports, Ramesu Maryimana will enrich the Egyptian empire with countless religious buildings that amaze with their gigantism …

Sculpture of Ramesu Maryimana in Men Nefer (Memphis). We could not emphasized any more on how Egypt represents the pinnacle of African art.
Ramesu Maryimana’s Constructions at Karnak Temple
The two gigantic statues at the entrance of the building represent the Pharaoh
Another view of Karnak temple
The missing obelisk of the temple was given by the Arabs of Egypt to the French in the 19th century
It is the famous obelisk of Concorde in Paris on the right
Ramesu Maryimana’s head
Karnak Temple
Reconstitution of Per-Ramesu (Pi-Ramses)
Capital city built by Pharaoh
Author of the unknown illustration

The Abu Simbel temple
The most famous architectural work of the great king
The temple was cut to pieces by the UNESCO to be elevated from its original location, in order to save it from the waters of the Nile Dam project
The work lasted 4 years, from 1964 to 1968
The second temple on the Abu Simbel site
Remains of the Ramesseum, a temple built by the Pharaoh for his veneration as a divine ancestor
Wadi El Sebua temple

A long reign which became mythical

Ramesu Maryimana ruled for 66 years, the second longest in Egyptian history. Its duration represents half of the 19th dynasty. He had more than a hundred children. He experienced many bereavements with the death of his presumptive successors and his beloved wife Nefertari. The legendary pharaoh died at the age of 90, leaving a state that had regained all its political, economic, religious and cultural power. His death was perceived as an apocalypse by his citizens who were almost all born during his reign.

Ramesu Maryimana mourning with a growing beard. He wears the collar (pectoral) of the Maasais of Kenya-Tanzania and the Xhosa of South Africa. He has snake on his crown like the Yoruba of Nigeria (Source: Le fabuleux héritage de l’Egypte antique, Christiane DesRoches Noblecourt, page 180)

He was so much deified that Egyptians forgot Djehuty-Mesu. Nine Pharaohs will bear his name Ramesu in tribute to his greatness. Through his ambition, his military genius and his development policy, he remains one of the greatest men that Africa has ever known.

Hotep !

By: Lisapo ya Kama © (All rights reserved. Any copying or translation of the text of this article is strictly forbbiden without the written approval of Lisapo ya Kama)

Notes:

  • Antik Forever 
  • Great Black Leaders, Ivan van Sertima
  • Pbs 
  • Encyclopaedia Britannica 
  • [2] Hymnes et Prières kamites, Jean Philippe Omotunde, introductory page 
  • [3] Civilisation ou Barbarie (Civilization or Barbarism), Cheikh Anta Diop, pages 127 and 128.

 

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