Canaan (Phoenicia), the first black civilization of Lebanon

Canaan, or Phoenicia, or Jahi is the first and oldest civilization that flourished in the Jordan Valley. Canaan comprised mainly current Lebanon, but also parts of Palestine, Israel, Syria and Jordan.

Far from having given birth to a local culture only, the Canaanites-Phoenicians played a major role in the history of mankind. They made Europe enter history by introducing writing there, built Carthage in North Africa, dominated the Mediterranean and certainly went to America in antiquity. We are going to leave the purely biblical approach of the historicity of these people, to tell you what exactly their founding civilization was in the Middle East itself.

Left: Phoenician ivory sculpture dating back to 3,000 years ago
We can distinctly see the frizzy hair (Arte Historia)
Right: Eshmunazor, Phoenician king of Sidon city 2,500 years ago
He was indisputably black and of African (Egyptian) culture (Musée du Louvre)

This article on the Canaanites-Phoenicians is our sixth one, after the African origin of Asia’s first inhabitants, after the black characteristics of the Carthaginian civilization; after our two articles on the Carthaginian Army General Hannibal (Article 1, Article 2), and finally on the Phoenicians’ black-featured sculptures.

At the origins: Africa

Written evidence

Science refers to the first inhabitants of the Near East as “Natufians”. These Natufians were the primordial Canaanites-Phoenicians. In the Ras Shamra ancient texts, the Phoenicians indicated that their roots were in Egypt [1].

This African origin is very well reported by the Bible which states in Genesis 10:6: “The sons of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan”.

Ham comes from Kam which means coal / black in ancient Egyptian. It is from this term that the word Kamit is derived, which is the original designation of black people. This word is similar to Kami / Kheum / Kembu / Kala which means black / burnt / charcoal in several current African languages.

Ham is therefore the biblical ancestor of black people, and his children are Cush (Sudan), Mizraim (Egypt), Put (Great Lakes Region and Southern Africa), and Canaan (the Near East).

Canaan comes from Kin-Anu, which means Belonging to the Anu [2]; Anu being the name of the black people from the Great Lakes and southern Africa, who founded the Egyptian civilization in the early days. This means that the Canaanites were in fact Egyptians who settled in the Near East.

As for the term Phoenician, it is a Greek word referring to the Canaanites which means dark skin according to the renowned British biologist and historian Gavin De Beer [2]. The name that African historiography should retain about this civilization is Jahi. This is how ancient Egyptians named it.

Magazine cover
We can distinctly see the Canaanites-Phoenicians with their African features

Osteological evidence

In a 2016 study published in the journal Nature, Lofis Lararis et al. report that “Craniometric analyses have suggested that the Natufians might have migrated from North Africa or sub-Saharan Africa”.

These analyses on skulls have been known for decades. This is why Cheikh Anta Diop was much more candid in Nations Nègres et Culture in 1954 and said on page 167 “The man found in Canaan, in prehistoric times, the Natufian, is black”. These negroid characteristics were also found on the skeletons from Tyre in Lebanon, one of the most important cities of Phoenicia [3].

Genetic evidence

We know that Africans are the only people in the world who do not carry or carry very few DNA from Neanderthal, a previous hominid who lived in Europe until 28,000 years ago. Lofis Lazaris continues and tells us the following at the end of the genetic studies: “We deduce that the original Eurasian population (that is to say, the ancient one from the Near East, Iran, Turkey, Armenia) is less or non-related to Neanderthal compared to the non-original Eurasian people”.

The first inhabitants of the Near East, like the Blacks of Africa, were therefore not related to Neanderthal because they were actually black people from Africa.

This image is the reconstruction of a young man from Carthage, from his skeleton found in the 90s. DNA tests suggested that he was of Spanish origin. Some people seized the opportunity to aver that he was a typical Phoenician, suggesting that Phoenicians were white. Actually, this was the first white skeleton found in Carthage, after all the black ones excavated, including many nobles, since the end of the 19th century. It is like going to the Pantheon in Paris, where the great French figures are buried, then ignoring all the white skeletons to focus on the Guyanese Felix Eboué, thus saying that the French were black. This approach is dishonest. The presence of this Spanish man in Carthage is explained by the fact that Spain was a Phoenician colony.

Pictographic evidence

We wrote an article on sculptures representing Phoenicians as perfectly black. Hannibal himself was extraordinarily negroid. Eminent British historian Martin Bernal tells us in volume III of his book Black Athena, page 52, in the French version “… the Natufian culture played an important role in the creation of South Asian agriculture. The significant presence of Africans in these cultures and the early development of agriculture in south-west Asia (Near East) can be seen from the skeletons and paintings with African characteristics among the Natufians…”

Therefore, the Canaanites-Phoenicians were undoubtedly black people from Africa.

The Canaanite religion

Since the first inhabitants of the Middle East were black, many African followers of the revealed religions are trying to propagate the idea that these Blacks were at the origin of Judaism. This is not true. 3,100 years ago, Canaanite king Tjekerbaal said that it is from Africa “that (divine) wisdom came out to reach the shores of the country where I live” [4].

The Canaanite religion was the African Spirituality born at the dawn of humanity in southern Africa and the Great Lakes. The Phoenicians, like their Egyptian brothers, were monotheists. They professed their faith in a single God, of male and female essence, and who has various forms and manifestations. This is the purest African orthodoxy.

Baal on the left, God for the Phoenicians, with his accurately black features (Hecht Museum of Israel). Hanni-Baal comes from Baal, that is to say “Baal’s favorite”.
Pharaoh Naré Mari on the right, founder of the unified Egypt 5,300 years ago. Baal is in the same posture as Naré Mari, the left leg put ahead and he has a crown on his head, similar to that of the kings of southern Egypt.

Cheikh Anta Diop gives us further information on this subject in Nations Nègres et Culture, pages 169-170: “We understand that the Phoenician religion and beliefs are, in a way, only replicas of those of Egypt. The Phoenician cosmogony is revealed by the fragments of Sanchoniation, translated by Philo de Byblos and reported by Eusebius. According to these texts, there was originally an uncreated and chaotic matter, in perpetual disorder (Bohu), the Breath (Rouah) hovered over Chaos.

The union of these two principles was called Cheptets, the Desire which is at the origin of all creation. (…). Also according to the Egyptian cosmogony, there was originally an uncreated chaotic matter, the primitive Num. (….). It also contained the principle, or the god of evolution, Khepru.

As soon as the primitive Num engenders the demiurge, Ra, its role will be completed; henceforth, the filiation will be uninterrupted until Osiris, Isis and Horus, ancestors of the Egyptians (…).

Through successive generations in the Phoenician cosmogony, we get to Misor, the Egyptians’ ancestor who will father Taaut, inventor of Literature and Science (who is none other than the Thot of the Egyptians). In the same cosmogony, we get to Osiris and Canaan, the Phoenicians’ ancestor (…). The Phoenician cosmogony reveals, once again, the kinship between the Egyptians and the Phoenicians, both of Cushite origin which means black. “.

The Bible even corroborates this information concerning monotheism. It says about the Canaanite sovereign Melchizedek that in addition to being a king, he was “priest of God Most High” (Genesis 14:18-19).

The Egyptians: brothers, protectors and allies of the Canaanites

The fraternal ties between Egypt and Phoenicia were strong, which is why their stories are inseparable. Diop adds on page 168 that: “Even in the most troubled times, in times of great misfortune, Egypt could count on the Phoenicians, as one can, in a way, count on their brother.”

During the unification of Egypt by the Sudanese-Egyptian Pharaoh Naré Mari (Narmer) around the year 1000 of the African era (3300 BC), the pharaonic civilization that emerged as the world’s most powerful state in history, already had some inhabitants, emissaries and agents established in the Canaanite territory. The Pharaohs exercised control and suzerainty.

Here we see the Phoenicians portrayed as their Egyptian relatives
Aisata (Isis) on the left; Hut Horo (Hathor) in the middle; and Ma’at on the right

This was the case for a great part of Egyptian history. Canaan was weakened and attacked by white nomads from the desert and seas, whenever Egypt was in trouble; then regained all its splendor with the renewed stability of its Egyptian elder brother.

These are the two groups of black people who civilized Europe by teaching writing and science to the Greeks. Phoenicia was an advanced base for the conquest of Iraq and Turkey by Pharaoh Djehuty-Mesu (Thutmose III), the greatest African of all time.

Phoenicia’s administration

Phoenicia was never a state centralized around a supreme authority. The Phoenicians were divided into several independent cities / states but were aware of their common origin and culture. Around 3000 BC, the elements of that sedentary civilization were established.

Each entity – in accordance with African standards – was headed by a priest-king. Just like in Africa, women had access to all functions, including that of a high priest or sovereign like Queen Dido Elissa who founded Carthage in Tunisia.

The Phoenicians built ports; the most important ones were Tyre, Sidon and Byblos, and their main source of wealth was international trade. They used to make and sell high quality glassware and fabrics. They were especially famous for making purple dye from seashells.

Their highly valued purple fabrics were also used in Egyptian and probably Amerindian royal and religious ceremonies. The Phoenicians used to supply Egyptians with cedar wood for the construction of their gigantic ships. The Phoenicians also used to sail on behalf of the Egyptians.

The Phoenician architecture

The Canaanite cities were essentially fortified cities on islands. Thus, Tyre was 700 meters away from the coast and surrounded by a 4.5 meters high wall. Sidon was a peninsula.

Reconstruction of Tyre
Ruins of Tyre
Amrit, Syria

The all-powerful Phoenician navigation

Phoenician boats

We discussed the types of ships owned by the Phoenicians in a previous article mentioning the Carthaginians. The first motivation behind Phoenician navigation was trade. They used to sail the Mediterranean and set up stalls on the coasts of southern Europe and Africa to sell their products.

Guided by their knowledge of the stars, they navigated the high seas, establishing colonies in Greece, Italy, Spain, Libya, Tunisia, Senegal, and spreading the writing that the Egyptians had given them. This is why the first European civilizations were born in the south, in Greece and Italy, close to the black human.

The Phoenicians used to go to England to get tin for the armament of the Egyptians. Their presence is documented there. They are also found in the Persian Gulf. Canaanite navigator Hanno, who left the Maghreb 2,500 years ago, sailed along the coasts of West Africa and arrived in Cameroon, calling Mount Cameroon “the gods’ chariot”. This incredible ability to navigate allowed a Phoenician to lead Egyptian-Sudanese soldiers to America 3,200 years ago. That expedition founded the Olmec civilization in Mexico.

A Phoenician navigator
British Museum
The Phoenicians’ influence on the Mediterranean

The slow disappearance of the Phoenicians

The very structure of Phoenicia led to its disappearance. The territory was not unified under one authority. The many white peoples from the desert of the Middle East and those from the seas settled between the cities. This entry of white people from the Mesopotamia is symbolized by the arrival of Abraham as the Bible mentions. A group of white people defeated by Egypt, and called Philistines, also settled there. Philistine became Palestine.

With this white infiltration on all sides, the Phoenician language became Semitic. Whites in the Middle East transformed the Egyptian-Phoenician religion and adapted it to their culture to create Judaism. Judaism is therefore a Semitic white religion, not African.

White people in Phoenicia

The mixing of races in Canaan intensified early. As Egypt was weakening, the Canaanites were left alone facing their fate. Alexander the Great conquered the country in 332 BC, then the Romans took over 2000 years ago. Phoenicia disappeared and its descendants are almost all white today. They are the Lebanese, the Syrians, the Palestinians, the Hebrews and the Jordanians, although the white supremacy of all these peoples violently rejects the black essence of their glorious ancestors.


By : Lisapo ya Kama © (All rights reserved. Any copying or translation of the text of this article is strictly forbbiden without the written approval of Lisapo ya Kama)

Notes :

  • [1] Nations Nègres et Culture, Cheikh Anta Diop, page 170
  • [2] Great Black Leaders, edited par Ivan Van Sertima, chapter by Wayne Chandler, page 284
  • [3] African Presence in Early Europe, Ivan Van Sertima, page 137
  • [4] Hymnes et Prières Kamites, Jean Philippe Omotunde, page 25
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