Because of the Medias’ maneuvering, a lot of people think that Blacks are present in Europe since not long ago in view of the humanity history. Since when are Blacks really present in Europe?
Well, science and historical researches show that Blacks’ came to Europe very long time ago.
Their presence in Europe can be situated in the prehistoric period. Indeed, Africa is the cradle of humanity. Man came from Africa (homo, erectus, etc.) to go populate Europe during the different periods of prehistory. The modern man (Homo sapiens) also came from Africa to go populate Europe. The presence of the men of Grimaldi’s bones – which analysis revealed the Negro characteristics of those men – on the European ground proves the presence of Black in Europe during the prehistoric period.
It was the man of Grimaldi (Black man) who by adaptation to the cold climate of Europe over a 20 000-year-old period, gave birth to the man of Cro-Magnon, the first White man.
After the prehistoric period, came the antiquity period during which our ancestors of the Nile valley enlarged the borders of their empire up to Europe, especially under the Pharaoh Menkheperre Djehuty-Mesu (Thutmose III), whose tales and hymns recalling his military victories and achievements testify his arrival with his troops and garrisons in Europe. So, before the birth of Greece and Rome, there were already Black populations settled in Europe.
A Spanish historian of the 16th century, Florian Ocampo, said in his book ‘Cronica General’ released in 1553, that Pharaoh Taharka along with his troops, succeeded to reach current Spain 700 years before the current era.
The geographer Victor Bérard shows within his book entitled ‘Phoenicians and the Odyssey’ that the civilizations which preceded and which allowed the birth of the first European civilizations – antique Greece, Rome – it is to say civilizations such as Phoenicians’, Mycenaean’s, Minoans’, etc are civilizations which have all drawn their knowledge in the Nile valley (Pharaonic civilization).
The ancient Greek writings themselves confirm these data. Indeed within their writings, Greeks say that they are not the creators and inventors of all the knowledge – mathematics, philosophy, etc – that is assigned to them today. They say in their writings that most of their sages and Greek savants went to Egypt to find the most part of their knowledge, and that Egyptians – whom they saw with their own eyes when they went to Egypt to study and learn – had black skins and kinky hair. The African Egyptologist Théophile Obenga wrote a book entitled ‘Egypt, Greece and the Alexandria’s school’ where he gathered all the testaments, writings and testimonies of the Greek authors of the antiquity about this topic.
The historical and archeological researches have also confirmed that Blacks were among the European populations during the antique Greek era and during the Roman Empire. This way, the science knows that within the Greek and Roman populations there were among the White populations Black populations and numerous mixes between Blacks and Whites.
After the Greco-Roman era, Blacks were still in Europe. Today the European literature calls them Moors sometimes – Moor is a term that characterizes populations who have dark skin, such as mixed people or Blacks in the European literature.
During the middle age and before the Muslim conquest of Spain, Blacks were already present all over Europe. This way, among the White populations there were also Blacks who had all kinds of functions; they were city or kingdom founders, knights, kings, princes, clergymen, poor, riches, etc.
Certain populations – according to their social ranks or important functions they had occupied in the European history – kept the symbol of Black heads that we can see in all the representations of Black heads with sometimes white headbands (like in Corse) or crowns (these heads are called the Moor heads). These representations remained as symbols of several cities in Europe until now-a-days.
The presence of Blacks in Europe left expressions or names; for example: The Black Sea, the Negro Cap (in France) or lots of names formed from the root ‘moor’. We remind that ‘moor’ is a term that indicates populations with black skin, such as mixed people or Blacks in the European literature. Another example: names like Maurice, Moore, etc. There exist then Europeans who have Black ancestors in their distant family lineage.
It was during the slavery era that the image of Blacks was highly degraded in Europe, reason why all this Black presence in Europe was hidden and still is today. What must be known is that during slavery, Blacks were not only deported to the Caribbean, they were also deported to Europe; in France for example, Africans used to land in the harbors of Bordeaux or Nantes in order to serve as slaves in France.
As a conclusion after this brief and non-exhaustive study, we can say that Blacks are present in Europe for a very long time, more than what a lot of people can imagine or have imagined. Blacks have not only civilized Europeans during the antiquity, but they have in addition lived with them and among them in Europe during centuries and at all times of the European history, there were always Blacks.
By : Lisapo ya Kama © (All rights reserved. Any copying or translation of the text of this article is strictly forbbiden without the written approval of Lisapo ya Kama)
- Civilization or Barbarism, Cheikh Anta Diop
- Hymn to the victory of Pharaoh Thutmose III, Urkuden IV
- Cronica General, Florian Ocampo, 1553
- Phénicines et Odyssée (Phoenicians & the Odyssey), Volume 1 & 2, Victor Bérard, Ed. Armand Colin, 1902 – 1903
- L’Egypte, la Grèce et l’école d’Alexandrie (Egypt, Greece and the Alexandria school), Théophile Obenga
- Les Africains et leurs descendants en Europe avant le 20e siècle (Africans and their descendants in Europe before the 20th century), Dieudonné Gnamankou & Yao Modzinu